André Sant'Anna


My research is focused on three general topics: perception, memory, and classical pragmatism. My PhD dissertation proposes a pragmatic hybrid view of perception and memory that reconciles representationalism and relationalism in these two domains.

In perception, I’m interested in questions relating to the objects of perception, the nature of perceptual content, and how external objects shape how we perceive the world.

In memory, I’m interested in questions about the objects of memory, the nature of mnemonic content, and the relationship between memory and other forms of episodic thinking.

In classical pragmatism, I’m particularly interested in Peirce’s triadic account of representations and how it can be insightful to approach questions pertaining to memory and perception.


  1. "The hybrid contents of memory" Forthcoming in Synthese. [DOI] | [PDF]
  2. "Thinking about events: a pragmatic account of the objects of episodic hypothetical thought" (with Kourken Michaelian); Forthcoming in Review of Philosophy and Psychology. [PDF]
  3. "Perception Pragmatized: a pragmatic reconciliation of representationalism and relationalism" in Philosophia, 46(2), 2018. [DOI] | [PDF]
  4. "Mental time travel and the philosophy of memory" Forthcoming in Unisinos Journal of Philosophy. [PDF]
  5. "The role of selection in functional explanations" in Manuscrito 37, 2014. [PDF]


  1. "Episodic memory as a propositional attitude: A critical perspective"; under review.
  2. "The relational view of memory and unsuccessful remembering"; under review.

In progress

  1. "Continuities and discontinuities between imagination and memory: The view from philosophy" (with Kourken Michaelian and Denis Perrin).
    1. Invited contribution to Abraham, A. Cambridge Handbook of Imagination. Cambridge University Press.
  2. "Memory without content? Radical enactivism and (post)causal theories of memory" (with Kourken Michaelian)